How is C major chords in free desi keyboard lessons. I IV V chord progression or 3-note triad in desi style lessons. View chords which are 3 notes chords in desi style.



If we learn the formula of building all major and minor scales then we can make chords ourselves.


The 3 primary chords in the Key of C are C major, F major, and G major chord.  But, what you need to know is how  you determine what the primary chords are.  The method used to find the primary chords of any key signature is the mathematical formula of selecting the 1st, 4th, and 5th notes of the scale.  Let's look again at a C major scale.


          I                                                 IV               V

       One                                           Four          Five


















From the above table we can see that the 1st note in a C major scale is C, the 4th note of the scale is F, and the 5th note of the scale is G. Let's look at the selected 1, 4, and 5 in a different table:


C major chord

F major chord

G major chord

ONE of the scale

FOUR of the scale

FIVE of the scale


This mathematical pattern applies to all key signatures and their corresponding scales.  Let's take a look at few more key signature scale combinations.  We'll start with the key of D.




         I                                                  IV              V

       One                                           Four         Five


















We can calculate major chords of other major scales like E, F, G, A, B etc. in this manner. From the above table we can figure out that the 3 primary chords in the Key of D are D major chord, G major chord, and A major chord.  Remember the formula for a major scale: one full step, one full step, half step, one full step, one full step, one full step, half step.  So, based upon the I - IV - V ( one - four - five ) the chords for the Key of D are D major chord, G major chord, and A major chord.


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Let's look at the actual chord pattern for the key of C.  I want you to realize that any given chord can be played in 3 different positions.  The basic position is called the ROOT POSITION.  Let's get back to the key of C now that you realize that this mathematical pattern applies to all major key signatures.  We are going to check out the shape of the C major chord, F major chord, and the G major chord in the root position.


C Major Chord In The ROOT POSITION


The C Major Chord Contains the Following Notes: C  E  G

This is a C Major Chord In The Root Position


Remember, in the right hand, the thumb is number 1, finger is number 2, middle finger is number 3, ring finger is number 4, and little finger is number 5.  OK, now let's look at F major chord in the root position, however, we will actually use F major chord in the 2nd inversion position when we start to play all three chords as a unit. In this way we have not to jump our fingers on the keys.


F Major Chord In The ROOT POSITION


The F Major Chord Contains the Following Notes: F  A  C

This is an F Major Chord In The Root Position


The final thing we will look at on this page is the G major chord in the root position and then we will move on to the next lesson and look at these 3 chords using the C chord in root position and the F chord in the 2nd inversion position and the G chord in the 1st inversion position.


G Major Chord In The ROOT POSITION


The G Major Chord Contains the Following Notes: G  B  D

This is a G Major Chord In The Root Position

The G 7th Chord Contains the Following Notes: G  B  D  F (F is the 7th note)

This is a G 7th Chord In The Root Position


Now that you have seen the chords in the key of C in the root position, you need to click on the next link to see how to play this chord progression with C in the root position, F in the 2nd inversion position, and G in the 1st inversion position.  These positions are very important, because they allow you to change chords by barely moving your hand.


Scales and Keys:


Let's bring you up to speed on the basics.  Look at your piano keyboard.  Notice the black keys are in groups of two's and three's.  Find a group of two.  The white key to the left of the first black key in any group of two is a C.  Good  Now, notice that if you start with C and count up 12 keys, you'll be at C again.  There are really only 12 unique notes in Western musical notation.  Easy right?


Right.  Now, most every piece of music you hear will be in a "key".  This means that the composer decided that one of the 12 notes would be more important than the rest. For the purposes of this column, we're going to be in the key of C Major.  If you start with a C and play (up the keyboard) all the white keys until you get to the next C, you will hear what C Major sounds like.  It should sound very familiar to you.


Now, let's talk about ways to identify the notes in the C Major scale (and other major scales). C is the first note in the scale also called Scale Degree One, and also called Tonic.  Next we have D, scale degree 2, Supertonic.  E, scale degree 3, Mediant.  F, scale degree 4, Subdominant.  G, scale degree 5, Dominant.  A, scale degree 6, Sub-mediant.  B, scale degree 7, Leading Tone.  And then we're back to the C that's one octave above our original tonic.  Your first step in becoming a theory wiz, is to memorize the names of the notes in the major scale. (Note: These names apply to any major scale. Not just C Major.)  Here they are again:


C - Scale Degree 1 - Tonic
D - Scale Degree 2 - Supertonic
E - Scale Degree 3 - Mediant
F - Scale Degree 4 - Subdominant
G - Scale Degree 5 - Dominant
A - Scale Degree 6 - Sub-mediant
B - Scale Degree 7 - Leading Tone


Please realize that I'm trying to make this whole thing as simple as possible, and in doing so, am leaving some stuff out for you. 

Study again the  Chords of C Major:


I am trying to teach you C Major Scale with different techniques. I have shown chords definition in different places in my website so, that you get acquainted with them.  It is Time to put notes together and make chords.  A "Chord" is 3 or more unique notes played at once.  Two notes played at once are called a Harmonic Interval.  When we make a chord with 3 notes, we call it a Triad.  Using your fingers, press the following keys of the piano keyboard simultaneously:


C - E - G


This is the most important chord in the key of C Major.  It is the C Major chord also known as I (Roman Numeral 1).  There is a triad for each of the scale degrees in the C major scale and each one is identified with a roman numeral.  Here's the list of basic chords (triads) for the Key of C Major, with their roman numerals in parentheses.  Notice how the roman numerals for minor triads are lower case.  Look to the next paragraph for more info on the 4 basic types of chords (Major, minor...etc):


C - E - G         C Major Chord (I)
D - F - A          D minor Chord (ii)
E - G - B         E minor Chord (iii)
F - A - C          F Major Chord (IV)
G - B - D        G Major Chord (V)
A - C - E         A minor Chord (vi)
B - D - F         B diminished Chord (viiº)              


There are 4 types of triads we need to talk about here even though only three are found on the Major scale itself.  Here are examples of each:


C - E - G  This is our beloved Major triad.  By itself, it sounds happy.
A - C - E  This is one of the minor triads in the key of C Major.  By itself, it sounds sad.
B - D - F This is the diminished chord found in C Major.  By itself, it sounds evil.  We use a degree symbol (º) to identify this.


C - E - G#  This is an augmented triad.  It does not occur naturally on the C Major scale but needs to be recognized at this point nonetheless.  The (#) indicates a "sharp".  This just means that you find the G key and go up to the next black key.  If it were Gb (G flat - a flat sign looks like a lower case B), we would go down to the next lower black key.  Sharps and flats mean you go up or down to the very next key regardless of what color it is.  The augmented triad by itself sounds mysterious.  We won't talk about this chord much.  Just be aware that it exists.  We  will only deal with major, minor, 7th, augmented  & diminished for easy learning and playing smoothly. More details about other chords will be available in Keyboard in desi style. So, order now.


Chord Progressions:


I-IV-V chord progression 3-note (triad)

Triad Chords for all 12 major keys


So now we know about the C Major scale, and the basic triads that can be derived from the C Major scale. The chords, and C Major scale  that we've been talking about sort melt together to form the musical idea of "The Key of C Major".  We're now ready to begin talking about common chord progressions in the key of C major.  From now on we will be referring to the chords of C major by their roman numerals. Practice the I-IV-V chord progression in all twelve keys...and have fun!

Scale I Chord IV Chord V Chord
C Major C Major F Major G Major
C#/Db Major C#/Db Major F#/Gb Major G#/Ab Major
D Major D Major G Major A Major
D#/Eb Major D#/Eb Major G#/Ab Major A#/Bb Major
E Major E Major A Major B Major
F Major F Major A#/Bb Major C Major
F#/Gb Major F#/Gb Major B Major C#/Db Major
G Major G Major C Major D Major
G#/Ab Major G#/Ab Major C#/Db Major D#/Eb Major
A Major A Major D Major E Major
A#/Bb Major A#/Bb Major D#/Eb Major F Major
B Major B Major E Major F#/Gb Major


II-V-I chord progression 3-note

Triad Chords for all 12 major keys

Combined chords means moving from one chord to another. All the chord progressions we will be learning are based upon major scales and the scale tone chords. This means that the the 1st, 4th, and 5th tones (notes) will always be Major chords, the 2nd, 3rd, and 6th tones (notes) will always be minor chords and the 7th tone (note) will always be a diminished chord. These will be our 3-note or triad chord progression.

Now unlike the I-IV-V chord progression which is all major chords, you begin with a minor and progress to major chords (triads). In the key of C major this would make the chords a D minor (II), G major (IV), and C major (I). The key of D#/Eb major would be F minor (II), A#/Bb major (V), and D#/Eb major (I). Again, the 2nd, 5th, and 1st (root) tones (notes) are used to form the chords in a II-V-I chord progression.

On this page you will find the 3-note (triad) II-V-I chord progression chords for each of the twelve (12) keys. We shall begin with the key of "C" and proceed through to "B". Practice the II-V-I chord progression in all twelve keys.

Scale II Chord V Chord I Chord
C Major D Minor G Major C Major
C#/Db Major D#/Eb Minor G#/Ab Major C#/Db Major
D Major E Minor A Major D Major
D#/Eb Major F Minor A#/Bb Major D#/Eb Major
E Major F#/Gb Minor B Major E Major
F Major G Minor C Major F Major
F#/Gb Major G#/Ab Minor C#/Db Major F#/Gb Major
G Major A Minor D Major G Major
G#/Ab Major A#/Bb Minor D#/Eb Major G#/Ab Major
A Major B Minor E Major A Major
A#/Bb Major C Minor F Major A#/Bb Major
B Major C#/Db Minor F#/Gb Major B Major



Experiment with all the new chords you now know how to make on the keyboard! Try playing the II-V-I chord progression 3-note triad chords with your left hand, while playing the corresponding major scale for that key with your right.





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